Launched in June 2007 following Google’s acquisition in 2005 of the startup of the same name6 , the system initially favored smartphones and touch tablets, then diversified into connected furniture and computers such as televisions (android tv), cars (android auto), chromebooks (chrome bone, which uses android applications) and smartwatches (wear bone).

In 2015, android is the most widely used mobile device in the industry, ahead of apple ios, with more than 80% market share in smartphones7 for all its versions and adaptations. Android is actually distributed in three forms:

it can be modified by manufacturers who add their overlay layers, thus providing additional features but at the expense of the sometimes significant time it takes to obtain new features. It can also come in without overlay, as on android one smartphones, which benefit from this history quickly from new versions of the system, or on android go smartphones, which have a lighter version capable of running quickly on entry-level hardware.


Android is considered a google se (bone) for a large number of smartphones, tablets and other connected objects. Today in its version 7 called ‘nougat’, android is the most used mobile bone in Germany with two billion active monthly users since May 2017, dominating the market share ahead of the apple ios on iphone or ipad.

Created by andy rubin around a linux kernel, it allows the installation of an infinite number of messaging and telephony applications – from facebook to twitter through snapchat or instagram – or news – such as express – and mobile video games. Its open-source design and its free availability have made it popular with many smartphone manufacturers, who often customize it with their own (proprietary) interfaces or features. The protection of this system and its personal data, like all other mobile bones, is a crucial cyber security issue.


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